An open door to the Arab world


Country briefing






Special topics


Arts and culture




Economy of the Arab world


Facts at a glance

Economic summaries
Key indicators from the World Bank tracing trends in social and economic development over the last three decades (PDF files):


Middle East and North Africa
This page on the World Bank's website provides links to regional topics and economic information about individual countries.

At-a-glance statistics for the region 

Working papers 
Discussion/research documents on the Middle East and North Africa

International Monetary Fund  
(official website)

GDP (national)
of Arab and Mediterranean countries

GDP (per capita)
of Arab and Mediterranean countries

Islamic banks - how they work

Corporate governance in Islamic banks
The Muslim banking world faces the challenge of expanding internationally while remaining true to Islamic principles. By Nasser M Suleiman.

The Euro and the Arab/Mediterranean countries

Maps showing economic activity

Maps showing land use


Maps showing population density


Click here for various economic maps of Palestine/Israel

Economic development

Economic integration tendencies in the Middle East and North Africa
by Nasser M. Suleiman 

Arab Gulf Program of the UN Development Organisation
This is a regional institution which aims to achieve sustainable development and targets the neediest groups, particularly women and children in developing countries.    

Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction (PECDAR)

D-8 (the Developing Eight)

Mediterranean Development Forum II
The programme for this ground-breaking conference held in Marrakech, in September 1998, contains much useful information.

USAID programmes 
Egypt; Iraq; Jordan; Lebanon; Morocco; West Bank/Gaza; Yemen


Arab Free Trade Area (AFTA)

External trade of the Arab countries  

EU share of  Mediterranean countries' trade

Mediterranean countries' share of EU

Airbus sales to Arab and Mediterranean countries

Transit chokepoints
Places of strategic importance to world trade: the Suez Canal, Bab al-Mandab (Red Sea), and the Strait of Hormuz. [US Energy Information Administration]

Arab economic organisations

Arab Air Carriers' Organisation (AACO)

Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development (AAAID)

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)

Arab Cooperation Council

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)

Arab Gulf Programme for United Nations Development Organisations (AGFUND)

Arab Iron and Steel Union (AISU)

Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) - Union du Maghreb Arabe

Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)

Arab Organisation for Agricultural Development (AOAD)

Arab Planning Institute - Kuwait

Arab Trade Financing Program (ATFP)

Arab Union of Railways

General Union of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, and Agriculture for Arab Countries

Gulf Organisation for Industrial Consulting (GOIC)

Human resources

Population of Arab and Mediterranean countries

Arab emigration

Demographic indicators

Human Development Indicators

Palestinian workers in Israel

Jewish immigration to Israel and the occupied territories

Trade unions in the Arab world


In the economy section



A Political Economy of the Middle East 
by Alan Richards, John Waterbury. From amazon.com or amazon.co.uk 

The Middle East Economy: Decline and Recovery 
by Charles Philip Issawi. From amazon.com 

A History of Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century
by Roger Owen, Sevket Pamuk. From amazon.com or amazon.co.uk




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Last revised on 04 August, 2015