Country documents

Algeria | Bahrain | Comoros | Djibouti | Egypt | Iraq | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Oman | Palestine | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Somalia | Sudan | Syria | Tunisia | UAE | Yemen


Algeria

Text of constitution 
As amended in 1996 (in English)

Constitutional amendment  
2002 (in French). The amendment recognises Tamazight (Berber) as "equally a national language".

Text of constitution 
1989 (in French)

Constitutional amendment 
1988 (in French)

Text of constitution
1976 (in French)

Text of constitution  
1963 (in French)

Declaration of Tripoli Congress 
June 1962 (in French)

Charter of Algiers 
April 1964 (in French)

Speech by Charles de Gaulle  
Constantine, Algeria, 3 Oct 1958

Declaration of the Soummam Congress 
1956 (in French)

Proclamation of the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN)  
1 Nov 1954 (Historical Text Archive). 

US policy towards Algeria
Statement by Robert H. Pelletreau, Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs, 1996.


Bahrain

Text of constitution (2002)

Previous constitution (1973)


Comoros

Constitution
2001, with amendments through 2009


Djibouti

Constitution 


Egypt

Text of constitution (2014)

Speech by President Morsi 
UN General Assembly, 26 September 2012

Speech by President Morsi 
In Tahrir Square, Cairo, 24 June 2012, following his confirmation as president of Egypt. 

Tahrir documents 
A collection of documents from the 2011 revolution, translated into English

President Mubarak on Arab reform 
March, 2004

President Hosni Mubarak - speech to the Arab League, October 200

Camp David documents (1978)

Treaty of Peace between Egypt and Israel  
26 March, 1979

Accompanying Letters to the Treaty of Peace Between Egypt and Israel  
26 March, 1979

Speech by Anwar Sadat to the Israeli Knesset  
20 November, 1977

Speech by President Nasser to the National Assembly 
29 May 1967 (mideastweb.org)

Agreement between Sudan and Egypt on the Full Utilization of the Waters of the Nile  
Cairo,  8 November 1959

Egyptian-Israeli General Armistice Agreement  
Rhodes, Greece, 24 February, 1949

Constantinople Convention of the Suez Canal (1888)


Iraq

See separate page


Jordan

Text of constitution 

Press and publications law, 1998 
Full text

Towards democratic empowerment and 'active citizenship' 
Discussion paper issued by King Abdullah, 2 June 2013

Each playing our part in a new democracy 
Discussion paper issued by King Abdullah, 2 March 2013

Making our democratic system work for all Jordanians 
Discussion paper issued by King Abdullah, 16 January 2013

Our journey to forge our path towards democracy 
Discussion paper issued by King Abdullah, 30 December 2012

Speech by King Abdullah
At the opening of Parliament, 1 November, 1999, shortly after he became king

Other speeches by King Abdullah 
Royal website

King Hussein: speeches and letters 
1988-1999

Letter to Prince Hassan
The letter in which King Hussein transferred the succession from his brother to his son. 25 January 1999

Jordan-Israel peace treaty
Full text of the treaty between Jordan and Israel signed on 26 October 1994

Washington Declaration
Between Israel and Jordan. 25 July, 1994

Israel-Jordan Common Agenda  
14 September, 1993


Kuwait

Text of constitution

UN Security Council Resolution 1284
17 December 1999

UN Security Council Resolution 986  
("oil for food" resolution)

Security Council Resolutions relating to compensation

Key Security Council resolutions (UN website)

Security Council resolution 1441 
On the return of weapons inspectors to Iraq. See also earlier US draft.


Lebanon

See separate page


Libya

See separate page


Mauritania

Text of constitution (1991)


Morocco (and Western Sahara)

Draft constitution, 2011 
Full text (in French); English translation here

Constitution, 1996  
(English translation); alternative source

Constitution, 1996  
(official French version)

Previous constitution  
(1992 consolidated version, in English)

King Mohammed VI: first speech from the throne
BBC, 30 July, 1999

UN Security Council Resolution 1215
on Western Sahara, 17 December 1998

Moroccan king promises reform 
9 March 2011 (Full text of speech)

Moroccan king promises new constitution  
17 June 2011 (Full text of speech)


Morocco: historical documents

Documents are from Historical Text Archive except where indicated

Treaty of Peace between the United States and Morocco
Meknes, 1836

Moroccan pirates
Letter threatening reprisals by the French - 1855 (in French)

Limits of Melilla
Convention between Morocco and Spain - Tetuan, 1859 

Loan to be raised in London
Convention between Britain and Morocco - Tangier, 1861

Commercial Treaty
Between Morocco and Spain - 1861

Proclamation 
By the French consulate-general - Tangier, 1862

Cape Spartel Lighthouse
Convention between the United States, Austria, Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden and Norway and Morocco - 1867

One Day in Morocco
A traveller's account by Edmondo de Amicis, c1870 [Internet Modern History Sourcebook]

British Consular Jurisdiction in Morocco
British Order in Council - 1875

Protection in Morocco
Convention between the United States, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden and Norway and Morocco - 1880

Declaration between the United Kingdom and France
Regarding Egypt and Morocco, with the secret articles signed at the same time - London, 1904 

Declaration between France and Spain
Regarding the integrity of Morocco - Paris, 1904

Algeciras Conference
1906 (in French)

Agreement between Germany and France
Regarding Morocco - 1909

Exchange of notes
Between France and Morocco - 1909

Morocco in 1830  - "Marocco from Observations in 1830" with inset map of "City of Marocco (Marraksh Blad Kibira)" [Marrakech] from the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, Volume 1, 1832 to accompany "Geographical Notice of the Empire of Marocco. By Lieutenant Washington, R.N." [Texas University library]


Oman

Text of constitution (1996)


Palestine/Israel

See separate page


Qatar

Text of constitution 
Draft approved by referendum on 29 April 2003.

Emir's abdication speech 
25 June 2013

Speech by the Emir 
Regarding the constitutional referendum, delivered on 28 April 2003.


Saudi Arabia

Text of constitution ("Basic Law", 1993)

Vision 2030 
The wide-ranging Saudi development plan announced in 2016. Full text.

Speech by King Abdullah
25 September 2011, announcing that women would be allowed to take part in elections

Saudi reform documents, 2011

Charter to Reform the Arab Stand 
An initiative by Crown Prince Abdullah, published on 13 January 2003, for presentation to the next Arab summit.

National Reform Document 
A document seeking reform which was mailed to Crown Prince Abdullah in January 2003. The prince later met signatories at his palace.

Speech by Crown Prince Abdullah 
Arab summit, Beirut, 27-28 March, 2002

Saudi internet rules, 2001
What internet users are not allowed to do

Speech by Crown Prince Abdullah  
Arab emergency summit, Cairo, 21-22 October, 2000

The Treaty of Jeddah  
Between Saud Arabia and Yemen, 12 June, 2000

Maps: territorial claims in the Saudi-Yemeni border area
(British-Yemeni Society Journal, July 2000)

Saudi-Yemeni Memorandum of Understanding  
26 February 1995 (full text)

The Treaty of Ta'if  
Between Saudi Arabia and Yemen, 29 May 1934 (full text)


Somalia

Transitional National Charter 
Full text, 6 June 2000

Puntland: political declaration 
"The positions of the people of Sool, southern and eastern Sanaag regions and Buhoodle district of Somalia" - 2003

Puntland: message from the president  
4 June, 1999


Sudan

Text of constitution (2011)

Interim constitution (2005)

Text of constitution (1998)


Syria

UN Security Council resolution 2235 
7 August 2015, on chemical weapons

Draft Statement of Basic Principles 
Opposition proposal for a political settlement, 9 February 2014 

UN Security Council resolution 2118 
17 September 2013. Full text

OPCW Executive Council Decision
On Syria's chemical weapons, September 2013. Full text

Geneva communique on Syria, 30 June 2012
Full text

UN Security Council resolution 2042 
14 April 2012

UN Security Council statement on Syria  
21 March 2012

Syrian constitution, 2012 
Approved by referendum, 26 February 2012

Legislative Decree No. 54 Regulating Right to Peaceful Demonstration
21 April 2011

Interview with President Assad 
Broadcast by the Syrian TV station, Addounia, on 29 August 2012.

Speech by Bashar al-Assad 
Address delivered in Damascus opera house, 13 January 2013, as reported by the government news agency, SANA.

Speech by Bashar al-Assad 
Address to the newly-elected Syrian parliament, 4 June 2012 Full text in English

Speech by Bashar al-Assad 
Address at Damascus University, 20 June 2011. Full text in English

Speech by Bashar al-Assad 
Address to the new Syrian government, 16 April 2011. Full text in English

Speech by Bashar al-Assad 
Address to the Syrian parliament, 30 March 2011. Full text in English

Inaugural address
Speech by Bashar al-Assad on his inauguration as President of Syria

Interview with President Bashar
The president outlines his views on a wide range of issues. [Ash-Sharq al-Awsat, 8 February, 2001]

Security Council Resolution 242  
22 Nov 1967

Security Council Resolution 338  
22 Oct 1973


Syria and Lebanon

Security Council resolution 1636 
31 October 2005. Adopted unanimously, the resolution demanded full Syrian cooperation with investigations into the assassination of former Lebanese prime minister Rafik Hariri.

Larsen report 
Progress report by the special UN envoy, Terje Roed-Larsen, on implementation of Security Council resolution 1559. Published 25 October, 2005.

Draft Security Council resolution 
Draft resolution circulation following publication of the Mehlis report, intended to apply further pressure on Syria. Later amended and approved as resolution 1636.

Assassination of Rafik Hariri 
Full text of the Mehlis report, October 2005  

Assassination of Rafik Hariri  
Full text of the UN fact-finding mission's report, March 2005 ("The FitzGerald Report")

Security Council Resolution 1595
7 April 2005

Security Council Resolution 1559 
2 September 2004

Damascus Agreement, 1985
Signed by Elie Hobeika, Walid Joumblatt and Nabih Berry in Damascus.


Tunisia

Text of constitution (2014)

Text of constitution (1959, as amended in 1998)

Speech by President Ben Ali 
10 January 2011 (final speech before his resignation)

Speech by President Ben Ali
27 December 2010

Victory speech by President Ben Ali 
26 October, 1999, after winning 99.44% of the vote

Manifesto of the Rassemblement Constitutionel Democratique
27 October, 1999 (in French)

The November 7 Declaration
Ben Ali's speech to parliament in 1987 after President Bourguiba was declared unfit to govern


United Arab Emirates

Text of constitution 
(1971, with amendments through to 2004)

Text of constitution  
(1996 version)


Yemen

See separate page