Country briefing: Saudi Arabia

News reports and articles 

Latest news about Saudi Arabia 
A compilation from multiple sources

Brian Whitaker's blog posts and other articles about Saudi Arabia

Online news sources for Saudi Arabia

Basic information

CIA World Factbook
The geography, people, government and economy of Saudi Arabia

BBC country profile
Essential facts, plus politics, media and key dates in Saudi Arabia's history

Local time

Local weather

Maps of Saudi Arabia

Currency converter 
Saudi riyal (SAR)

National anthem 
Audio, lyrics and sheet music (National Anthems Reference Page)

More about the Saudi flag

History and politics

Saudi timeline
A chronology of key events (from the BBC)

Constitutional background

Text of constitution ("Basic Law", 1993)

List of government ministers (CIA)

Saudi expulsions crisis, 2013

International Crisis Group 
Recent reports on Saudi Arabia

Historical and political texts relating to Saudi Arabia


US State Department
Consular information and travel advice

British Foreign Office
Travel advice

Lonely Planet 
Online tourist guide to Saudi Arabia

The national airline

Electricity, plugs and sockets 


World Bank: Saudi Arabia 
Comprehensive economic data

Saudi Arabia and the IMF

US-Saudi Arabian Business Council

Water and agriculture in Saudi Arabia
FAO country profile

Saudi Arabia: further reading

The Other Saudis: Shiism, Dissent and Sectarianism
Toby Matthiesen, 2014. Available from or

Joyriding in Riyadh: Oil, Urbanism, and Road Revolt
Pascal Menoret, 2014. Available from or

Saudi Arabia: A Kingdom in Peril
Paul Aarts and Carolien Roelants. Available from or

Force and Fanaticism: Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia and Beyond
Simon Ross Valentine, 2015. Available from or

The Islamic Utopia: The Illusion of Reform in Saudi Arabia
Andrew Hammond, 2012. Available from or

The History of Saudi Arabia 
by Alexei Vassiliev. Available from or

Inside the Kingdom: Kings, Clerics, Modernists, Terrorists, and the Struggle 
for Saudi Arabia

Robert Lacey, 2010. Available from or

Saudi Arabia Exposed: Inside a Kingdom in Crisis 
by John Bradley. Available from or

A novel by Turki al-Hamad. Available from or
Cradle of Islam: The Hijaz and the Quest for an Arabian Identity
by Mai Yamani. Available from or