News reports and articles

Latest news about Libya 
A compilation from multiple sources

Brian Whitaker's blog posts and other articles about Libya

Online news sources for Libya 

Coronavirus in Libya

Basic information

CIA World Factbook
The geography, people, government and economy of Libya

BBC country profile
Essential facts, plus politics, media and key dates in Libya's history

Local time

Local weather

Maps of Libya 
(University of Texas)

Currency converter 
Libyan dinar (LYD)

National anthem 
Audio, lyrics and sheet music (National Anthems Reference Page)

More about the Libyan flag

History and politics

Libya timeline
A chronology of key events (from the BBC)

Constitutional background

Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People (1977)

Constitution ( 11 December 1969)

Previous constitution (1951-69)
Full text of the constitution that was in place before Qadhafi's takeover

Constitutional information 
Law Library of Congress

List of government ministers (CIA)

International Crisis Group
Recent reports about Libya

Historical and political texts relating to Libya

The Lockerbie bombing and trial 
A large collection of documents

Colonel Who? 
Thirty-two different ways to spell the former Libyan leader's name.

The Green Book  
Full text of Colonel Qadhafi's book of political theory

Escape to Hell 
A short story by Colonel Qadhafi

The Great Green Charter of Human Rights
12 June 1988

Colonel Qadhafi: speech about Africa on Loyalty Day  
1 October 1998

Muammar Gaddafi: method in his 'madness' 
Brian Whitaker, Comment Is Free, 23 Feb 2011

A vision of a democratic Libya 
Statement by Interim National Council, 29 March 2011

Draft Constitutional Charter 
National Tranistional Council, August 2011 (full text, pdf)

Libya and its tribes  
Tribal aspects of the 2011 uprising. Blog post, 2 March 2011


US State Department
Consular information and travel advice

British Foreign Office
Travel advice

Lonely Planet 
Online tourist guide to Libya

Electricity, plugs and sockets 


World Bank: Libya 
Comprehensive economic data

Libya and the IMF

Water and agriculture in Libya
FAO country profile

The Great Man-Made River project
The Qadhafi regime's ambitious scheme to bring water from the southern part of Libya to irrigate northern agricultural areas

Libya: further reading

Sandstorm: Libya in the Time of Revolution
by Lindsey Hilsum, 2013. Available from or

Toppling Qaddafi: Libya and the Limits of Liberal Intervention 
by Christopher Chivvis, 2013. Available from or

Libya: The Rise and Fall of Qaddafi 
by Alison Pargeter, 2012. Available from or

The 2011 Libyan Uprisings and the Struggle for the Post-Qadhafi Future
Jason Pack (editor), 2013. Available from or

A History of Modern Libya 
by Dirk Vandewalle, 2012. Available from or

Libya: Lost Cities of the Roman Empire 
by Lidiano Bacchielli (author) and Robert Polidori (photographer), 1999. Available from or

The Return: Fathers, Sons and the Land in Between
A novel by Hisham Matar, 2016. Available from or

In the Country of Men
A novel by Hisham Matar, 2008. Available from or

Libya, the Responsibility to Protect and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention
Aidan Hehir and Robert Murray, 2013. Available from or

Arab Spring, Libyan Winter
Vijay Prashad, 2012. Available from or

The Man Who Went to War: A Reporter's Memoir from Libya and the Arab Uprising 
Patrick Graham, 2012. Available from or

Karama! Journeys through the Arab Spring
Johnny West, 2011. Available from or [Also includes Egypt and Tunisia]

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